"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Three Reasons Why Sleep Is Important to Your Health

Many of us don't get enough sleep regularly. This could be as a result of sleep disorders, a busy social life, recent baby, long work hours, shift work or staying up too late watching Netflix. But not getting enough sleep can have significant health effects.

Large survey studies that ask about sleep habits and health show that sleeping a mean of lower than six or seven hours per night increases the danger. obesitytype 2 Diabetes And Heart disease.

A growing body of research is starting to point out how habitually insufficient sleep can alter our physiology and result in the event of chronic disease.

The three predominant areas of response to sleep deprivation which were examined are metabolic (processing and utilization of energy from food), immune (protection against disease) and cardiovascular function.

To test how these systems react to sleep deprivation in healthy people, volunteers are recruited. the study For which they should stay in a laboratory environment for several days to weeks. Their sleep time is manipulated and access to food and drinks, light, temperature, physical activity and social interaction are all controlled.

In these studies, participants may undergo a number of nights (total sleep deprivation) or several weeks of reduced sleep (partial sleep deprivation) to evaluate the results of changes in sleep duration on metabolic, immune, and cardiovascular functions. Lack of sleep).

Metabolic and endocrine responses

A superb deal of research suggests that sleep deprivation affects glucose metabolism, the method by which sugars from food intake are processed and stored or used to generate energy. Laboratory the study Short-term sleep deprivation has been consistently found to impair glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in healthy, young, lean adults.

If long-term, these changes in glucose metabolism can increase the danger of obesity and sort 2 diabetes. Combine this with the tendency to stay awake when eating Comfort foodsthat are high in fat and sugar, and it's no wonder that sleep-deprived people have a harder time dropping pounds than those that are well-rested.

Moreover, total and partial sleep deprivation have also been found to change the traditional each day rhythm of appetite-regulating hormones. Leptin, a hormone that suppresses appetite, and ghrelin, a stomach-derived peptide that stimulates appetite, are each altered in response to sleep deprivation. When you don't get enough sleep, changes in these appetite-controlling hormones and increased food consumption can result in weight gain and obesity.

These laboratory findings have also been present in a big population-based longitudinal study of sleep patterns generally known as Wisconsin Sleep Cohort. on this the studyparticipants reported their sleep habits through questionnaires and sleep diaries and provided a morning blood sample, before a meal, to evaluate leptin and ghrelin levels.

In this study, those that slept lower than eight hours an evening (74.4% of the sample) had an increased body mass index (BMI). Poor sleep was also related to lower leptin and better ghrelin. Because low leptin and elevated ghrelin are prone to increase appetite, this may increasingly explain why BMI is elevated and the way insufficient sleep may contribute to obesity.

Immune response

Healthy sleep helps maintain proper immune function. Lack of sleep can result in changes in immune function, leading to Inflammatory diseasethe danger increases. Cancer And Infectious disease.

An evening of total lack of sleep has been found to be the cause. Natural immune response. Complete lack of sleep has also been shown to raise some. Inflammatory markers Which can result in insulin resistance, heart disease and osteoporosis.

Lack of sleep can affect our ability to fight off disease.
Sean Anderson/Flickr, CC BY

In an interesting Laboratory studies, partial sleep deprivation (six nights of only 4 hours of sleep per night) was found to cut back the variety of antibodies on the time of vaccination by greater than 50% ten days after the sleep-deprived participants received the flu shot. This indicates that adequate sleep is required for an optimal response to infectious disease.

Heart health

Spread of High blood pressure has increased in the previous couple of a long time. During this era, habitual sleep duration is reduced. Recent studies have shown that there's a link between sleep deprivation and High blood pressure And Heart disease.

gave Nurses' Health StudyOne of the biggest and longest-running studies to look at the results on women's health found that ladies who got lower than five hours of sleep had an increased risk of heart disease (short sleepers) and nine hours. More than (long sleepers).

There are just a few possible reasons for the link between decreased sleep duration and heart disease. Sympathetic overactivity (body systems involved within the stress response commonly generally known as the fight or flight response), increases Blood pressureor impaired glucose tolerance.

Another possible mechanism which will link sleep deprivation and heart disease is the activation of C-reactive protein, a protein produced in response to inflammation. C-reactive protein is a marker that predicts poor heart health. It is elevated in healthy adults after each total sleep deprivation and per week of partial sleep deprivation.

Not all news is bad, though.

There is a few evidence that by improving sleep we will reduce the results of sleep deprivation and reverse its negative effects. Habitually increasing sleep, taking naps, and using weekends and days off “catch up” Sleep can reduce the long-term adversarial health effects of sleep deprivation.