"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

The disproportionate toll that COVID-19 took on individuals with diabetes continues today.

At the start of the pandemic, many individuals living with diabetes were wondering what COVID-19 meant for them. Diabetes was already known to place people at greater risk of other infectious diseases, including the flu. Will the identical occur with COVID-19? At the time, all scientists could do was make educated guesses.

Things look very different in 2024. Very good deal More research is availablein addition to Effective vaccinesand life has in some ways returned to something like normal.

However, COVID-19 has not disappeared, and for for much longer 400 million people Living with diabetes world wide, the epidemic stays very real risks and impacts.

I concentrate on drawing and synthesizing existing evidence. Communicating health policy in several areas. I even have been A study of COVID-19 and diabetes Since the beginning of the pandemic And he has experienced firsthand a number of the some ways by which COVID-19 has affected individuals with diabetes. I even have been living with type 1 diabetes for the past 30 years. And initially of the pandemic, I had a whole lot of questions on what COVID-19 meant for me.

Among the recommendations: Eat whole grains, vegetables and fruits as a substitute of juice.

Explain the kinds of diabetes

Diabetes is characterised by higher than normal blood sugar levels. Different kinds of diabetes cause this condition in alternative ways.

Type 1 diabetes It happens when your body attacks the cells that make insulin.

Insulin is the hormone that converts sugar into energy – without it, sugar stays within the blood and the body is deprived of the energy it needs. Type 1 diabetes can only be treated with insulin injections and is irreversible. Type 1 diabetes is life-threatening if left untreated. There is not any cure. No one knows obviously why some people develop type 1 diabetes and others don't.

in contrast to Type 2 diabetes – By far probably the most common type – your body continues to be producing insulin but is unable to make use of it. People usually tend to develop type 2 diabetes. If they are living with obesity.. But individuals who should not obese also can develop type 2 diabetes, and lots of people living with obesity never develop diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes Often runs in families. It may be treated in alternative ways. It includes Weight loss for people living with obesity, Changes in diet and exerciseAnd Medicines. In some cases, Type 2 diabetes can be reversed..

Type 1 diabetes is more more likely to start in childhood or adolescence, and kind 2 diabetes is more more likely to start later in life. However, older people Can cause type 1 diabetes.And Children can develop type 2..

There are other kinds of diabetes. Information on diabetes It develops while pregnant and goes away after birth. As with type 2 diabetes, the body continues to be making insulin but is unable to make use of it.

In general, diabetes is on the rise, much of it attributable to type 2. By 2050, it’s estimated that 1.3 billion people worldwide shall be living with diabetes.

Diabetes may occur. Many parts of your body are damagedincluding your eyes, heart, blood vessels, nervous system, feet and kidneys. Blood sugar management and regular checkups might help. Minimize these risks.

Diabetes and COVID-19

In a 2023 study, my colleagues and I reviewed the extensive literature to evaluate to what extent individuals with diabetes were at increased risk from COVID-19, and whether some individuals with diabetes There was more risk than others.

Overall, we found that about individuals with diabetes You are twice as likely to get seriously ill from COVID-19. in comparison with people without diabetes. Evidence also shows that folks with diabetes usually tend to die from Covid-19 than people without diabetes.

Some individuals with diabetes look like at greater risk than others. People who had high blood sugar levels before or during COVID-19 infection, Their results were likely to be worse.. In addition, the risks appeared to be common. More so for people with type 1 diabetes And People who used insulin..

There are several possible explanations. We know that top blood sugar levels make it difficult. For people's bodies to fight infection. On average, people have high blood sugar levels with type 1 compared to type 2 diabetes. Infections could make it difficult to control blood sugar levels.

People with type 1 diabetes also live longer with diabetes than individuals with type 2 diabetes, and this may increasingly mean their bodies are less in a position to fight off COVID-19. Complications of diabetes – For example, damage to their heart and kidneys.

Twenty percent of Americans with diabetes don't know they’ve the disease.

Epidemic diseases

The pandemic has created widespread disruptions for people living with diabetes. Many people find it difficult to maintain appointments with their health care providers. Some found it difficult Get access to their medicines.. For many, weight loss program and physical activity were also affected.

We conducted a broad, systematic review of 139 studies in a couple of million people to look at the impact of the epidemic on individuals with diabetes. Evidence showed that folks were more likely. Dying from diabetes during an epidemic It was more likely than before Loss of vision due to diabetes through the pandemic than before. People with diabetes need regular eye checkups to assist protect their vision. This checkup Not often during epidemics.and folks's eyesight was affected consequently.

We also found that young individuals with diabetes do particularly poorly. Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes usually tend to be hospitalized for a life-threatening condition. Diabetic ketoacidosiswhich happens when your blood becomes toxic because your body doesn't make enough insulin.

There were admissions to pediatric intensive care units for diabetes. More than ever during the pandemic. It could also be that folks have delayed looking for care, or are unable to access care due to the pandemic. This may mean that by the point young individuals with diabetes arrive on the hospital, they’re already really, really sick.


However, there continues to be loads of reason for optimism. There are vaccines for COVID-19. Markedly reduced the chance of dying Or really get it? Ill with COVID-19and in lots of countries, people living with diabetes Vaccines are preferred..

There are also advances in diabetes care. Better diabetes management, whether through technologies reminiscent of insulin pumps or continuous glucose monitors, behavioral changes or medications, might help reduce the danger of COVID-19 and other infections.

Weight-loss drugs can also play a task in stopping diabetes, however it's too early to say obviously.

Time will tell what the lasting effects of the pandemic shall be. Complications of diabetes can often develop over a few years, so researchers like me may even see more individuals with diabetes complications five to 10 years from now consequently of challenges with diabetes management through the pandemic.

Regular surveillance, especially of groups most affected by the pandemic, is more likely to help. Many complications of diabetes may be successfully treated if caught early.

My team found that amongst people living with diabetes, women, young people, and folks from racial and ethnic minority groups are probably the most affected by the epidemic. These are groups that will struggle more to access care with insulin costs and access. One particularly critical issue remains..

Efforts to make insulin and health care more accessible might help improve diabetes outcomes before, during, and after the pandemic.