"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Feces, urine and sweat – how gross are hot tubs? A microbiologist explains.

For many centuries we've bathed in communal waters. Sometimes for cleansing but often for pleasure. In fact, in ancient Greece, bathing was done in fresh water or sometimes within the sea – considered a sacred place dedicated to the local gods and treated as such. An act of worship.

But it was the Romans who built state-sponsored aqueducts to permit. Large scale public baths. These were used primarily for leisure but additionally for more private pleasures. Yes, public baths were often where the Romans did this. dirty work — occasionally along with his bath attendants.

Two thousand years later, we still gravitate towards communal bathing, although many now own their very own hot tubs – which sell went up on a big scale During the pandemic.

For those that don't have their very own, there's at all times the local gym or spa. And many hospitals have the identical specialty. This is because hot tubs are sometimes used therapeutically to alleviate and treat joint inflammation. Rheumatoid and osteoarthritis patients. In fact, in some ways bathing in a hot tub is taken into account an expensive therapeutic experience – one which is each relaxing and rejuvenating.

The heat of the water contained in the hot tub naturally dilates the blood vessels, which helps. To relax our muscles And eases joint pain. In addition to being physically relaxing, the heat of warm water and the companionship of those participating in the showering experience may also create a way of psychological well-being.

Bacteria, viruses and fungi

But it's also value keeping in mind that after we get into the recent tub water, whatever is on our skin is absorbed into the recent water swirling around us. It includes gave 100 mg or more of stool Which is normally positioned between the cheeks of our buttocks. This implies that when you are relaxing in the recent water, you'll probably inhale or swallow your hot tub partner. The body's bacteria, viruses and fungi.

The more people in the recent tub, the upper the extent of feces and sweat within the water (and if someone has peed within the water). And these body reserves may be used directly by bacteria as nutrients.

'I just adore it after we share the poop together.'
DGLimages/Alamy Stock Photo

Because hot tub owners are advised to only change the water of their baths sometimes. Three months, bacteria will grow. For microbiological safety, most hot tubs that recirculate water have germ-removing filters and treat the water with microbicides (which kill germs) reminiscent of chlorine, bromine or other disinfectants. goes Control bacterial numbers..

Such chemicals are toxic and cause skin and eye irritation. This is why hot tub users are advised to shower after bathing (and also needs to shower before). Hot tub water temperatures (around 104°F and even 40°C) can potentially cause serious health problems reminiscent of Cover overheat which may result in fainting and even lack of consciousness and possibly drowning.

This is particularly the case for A woman of hope And Children, with individuals with underlying health conditions, who should at all times check with their GP before using a hot tub. This is why most sessions are advised to last not more than about quarter-hour and must be supervised.

Dirty or dirty?

Although a private hot tub could also be relatively protected microbiologically, a public (hotel or spa) hot tub could also be. High in infection-causing bacteria (germs), especially if the water is recycled.

The most important problem is public non-compliance with personal hygiene guidelines and inadequate maintenance of water sanitation. Improperly maintained public hot tubs can result in outbreaks of human-associated bacterial infections that survive well in water.

These include , , And . These hot tub pathogens can cause Intestinal infections, diarrhea, septicemia, Skin infectionsurinary tract infections and respiratory infections, including Legionnaires' disease.

Legionella bacteria Especially present in water droplets inside hot tub steam, and inhalation of contaminated steam can result in the event of life-threatening pneumonia.

People in hot tubs on deck.
Always avoid taking water in your mouth.
Peter Cavanagh/Global Stock Photo

In fact, the danger of infection from hot tubs is so significant that within the US, the Centers for Disease Control has issued Official advice On methods to stop it.

So if you happen to still wish to enjoy a hot tub, is there any technique to tell if it's protected? There are some obvious signs of a germ-ridden hot tub. When urine and other bodily fluids reminiscent of sweat mix with the chlorine used to disinfect hot tub waters, it creates an irritant, a harsh chemical called chloramine, which is why When the eyes hurt. Swimming in public pools.

The more bathers collect their bodily fluids, the stronger the smell. Chloramine (which smells like bleach) and the more likely it's that a spa or hotel hot tub has low levels of disinfectant and high levels of bacteria. So if a hot tub has a powerful smell, it's likely unsafe to make use of – even when the water looks clean and clear, even though it's value noting that the longer the water goes without chemicals, the higher. It gets so muddled.