"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

About 50 percent of South African adults are chubby or obese. Poverty and poor nutrition are largely responsible.

NutritionIn all its forms, malnutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), insufficient vitamins or minerals, chubby and obesity are included.

South Africa has undergone a dietary transformation over the past 30 years characterised by Triple burden Malnutrition: Households are concurrently experiencing malnutrition, hidden hunger, and chubby or obesity as a consequence of malnutrition.

Nationwide first in-depth results the study In Food and Nutrition from 1994, the National Food and Nutrition Security Survey found that nearly half of South Africa's adult population is chubby or obese.

While there was enough food to feed everyone through domestic production and imports, many families and individuals went to bed hungry.

Due to High unemployment figures, families relied on social grants to buy basic food items. Many people tended to purchase very low-nutrition food to stave off hunger.

The survey, conducted by the Human Sciences Research Council, was commissioned by the Department of Agriculture, Land Reforms and Rural Development to map the hotspots of hunger and malnutrition within the country.

Data was collected from greater than 34,500 households between 2021 and 2023. Around 100 indicators were used to compile the report.

Overweight or Obesity: What's the Difference?

Being chubby poses many health risks. It increases the chance of hypertension, high triglyceride levels, coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, sleep deprivation and respiratory problems.

persons are Overweight If their body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight, is larger than 25.

obesity Adults have a body mass index greater than 30.

Important facts

Some of the important thing findings were:

  • 69 percent of obese adults lived in food-insecure households and were forced to eat foods with low dietary value.

  • More than two-thirds (67.9%) of the ladies were either chubby or obese. Women had the next incidence of obesity than men.

  • Adults aged 35 to 64 had significantly higher rates of obesity than younger age groups. This will be explained by the difference. Metabolism And the very fact is that teenagers are more energetic than adults.

  • KwaZulu-Natal reported the next prevalence of obesity (39.4%) than other provinces. More research is required to explore this finding and whether cultural aspects are behind it.

The survey period overlapped with the tail end of COVID-19. Focus group discussions were held in all districts where data was collected to evaluate the impact of the epidemic.

The survey found that the federal government's quick response through various assistance programs significantly reduced extreme poverty and food insecurity amongst families during this era.

moving forward

Obesity is a world problem. Oh A new study A report released by the Lancet stated that in 2022, greater than 1 billion people on the earth were living with obesity.

Worldwide, obesity has greater than doubled in adults since 1990, and quadrupled in children and adolescents (ages 5 to 19).

The Human Sciences Research Council has made the next recommendations to handle malnutrition in South Africa.

  • Focus on areas with high nutrient levels.

  • Encourage families to arrange their very own food to complement social grants.

  • Invest in food banks in fruit and vegetable markets which can be strategically positioned near vulnerable households.

  • Help the poorest households avoid seasonal hunger.

  • Start a campaign to teach the general public in regards to the advantages of nutritious food and dietary diversity.