Characterized by severe pain, redness and tenderness of the joints, gout can be a nuisance without treatment. The sudden attacks are not only very painful but tend to occur at night when you’re mostly helpless. There are several ways of dealing with gout:
If your doctor has already diagnosed the gout, they’ll prescribe some medication to ease the pain and shorten the length of an attack. You’ll probably be given an analgesic which will help to relieve the pain. Anti-inflammatory drugs are the most common medication as they prevent the swelling in the joints. If the gout doesn’t improve from 3-4 days, then you get a prescription for steroid and uric acid reducers. The main reason you’re having gout is because your body has high levels of uric acid. The steroids will help modify hormonal effect to repair the damaged tissue. While the uric acid reducer will help in reducing production of uric acid. You also have an option of getting nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
Patients with chronic gout have the option of behavioral modifications such as exercising and diet to help decrease frequency of attack. Things you can do to prevent another attack include:
- Avoid alcohol as much as you can but if you can’t, don’t drink more than 14 units a week
- Exercise regularly but do it in moderation to ease off the joints. Aerobic activity for 20-30 minutes will help increase cardiovascular health.
- Gradually get yourself into a healthy weight. Try not to do a crash diet, but ease into the weight recommended by your doctor
- Drink at least two liters of water a day. Water helps to keep your uric levels low.
- Place ice packs on joint when you feel it’s inflamed for 20-30 minutes, it will sooth the pain
- When you’re in pain, rest the joint until the pain eases preferably on a pillow or soft surface
- Avoid fatty food, sea foods and organ meat as they’ll increase your uric acid levels and that’s what we’re avoiding
- There are certain foods and ingredients that will help you reduce your uric acid levels like ginger and lemon juice (you can swap this with water once in a while)
- If you need to move around when the joint is inflamed, use a Cain so as to reduce the pressure you’re putting on the joint
- Always remember to regularly take your uric acid reducers regularly even if you don’t have symptoms
- Reduce or eliminate your sugar intake, gout is predominant in people who have excessive sugar intake. Make sure to read the ingredients of a product
- Invest in high fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables as they reduce uric acid levels in your body
- Be sure to look out for warning signs of a gout flare up and contact your doctor if the pain persists for more than three days
Gout can be cured by mostly changing ones lifestyle and eating habits. The medication helps a lot, especially with a sudden attack. However keeping these attacks at bay require a personal investment in the lifestyle choices you make.