Four Different Types of Wounds

Wounds are body injuries that could be minor, such as a scratch with slight bleeding, to severe, like a total loss of a part of the body. Wounds have four primary categories based on the injury type.

Lacerations

types of wounds laceration

Lacerations or cuts are a wound type where the skin is ripped apart with a sharp item, like a razor, a knife, or the edge of a paper. Olin Health Center at Michigan State University reported that lacerations are a wound type that makes a line on the skin’s surface. This line can penetrate the skin layers and get to the tissue underneath. Cuts often lead to profuse bleeding. To treat this, stitches from medical personnel are always needed. The treatment is meant to stop the reopening of the wound while also preventing it from getting infected.

Abrasions

Abrasion is a different wound type, often referred to as a scrape. A scrape forms when the skin’s top layers get removed from rubbing against a rough and/or hard surface. Based on a report from the University of Southern Connecticut State University, abrasions are typically very shallow wounds. This shallowness is in contract with the intense nature of lacerations. The university reports that it is essential to get an abrasion cleaned up and put an antibiotic ointment for speedy healing and to prevent infection. Abrasions usually lead to scabs. Scabs are a way in which the body applies its natural bandage to cover the wound. The scabs break off and fall after protecting and healing the wound. If you pick at scabs, the healing time of the injury can be delayed

Punctures

Puncture wounds are a wound type that results from a sharp object piercing the skin. The injury can get deep down below the surface and up to the tissue. According to MedlinePlus, the usual causes of the puncture wound are the knife tip, a sharp tooth, or a nail. MedlinePlus recommended that if the injury still has debris, the victim should get medical attention to remove it. They should not go probing inside the puncture wound in trying to take off the foreign object. Olin Health Center reported that puncture wounds typically don’t bleed readily like other wound types. Since bleeding is used to eject foreign objects from the body wound, puncture wounds are more prone to becoming infected.

types of wounds punctures

Avulsions

These wound types involve the skin or/and the tissue being torn off the body. A severe nature of the avulsion wound is the case of an amputation, whereby a part of the body, like the hand or the finger, is removed when someone injures. Victims should get instant medical help to help treat this wound type due to the severity of the torn flesh or skin or a limb that is amputated. Avulsions can become painful because of the torn muscle or/and skin. They often lead to profuse bleeding.

Extra: Bruises

You can learn more about them here