Four Different Types of Wounds

Wounds are body injuries that could be minor, such as a scratch with slight bleeding, to severe, like a total loss of a part of the body. Wounds have four primary categories based on the injury type.


types of wounds laceration

Lacerations or cuts are a wound type where the skin is ripped apart with a sharp item, like a razor, a knife, or the edge of a paper. Olin Health Center at Michigan State University reported that lacerations are a wound type that makes a line on the skin’s surface. This line can penetrate the skin layers and get to the tissue underneath. Cuts often lead to profuse bleeding. To treat this, stitches from medical personnel are always needed. The treatment is meant to stop the reopening of the wound while also preventing it from getting infected.


Abrasion is a different wound type, often referred to as a scrape. A scrape forms when the skin’s top layers get removed from rubbing against a rough and/or hard surface. Based on a report from the University of Southern Connecticut State University, abrasions are typically very shallow wounds. This shallowness is in contract with the intense nature of lacerations. The university reports that it is essential to get an abrasion cleaned up and put an antibiotic ointment for speedy healing and to prevent infection. Abrasions usually lead to scabs. Scabs are a way in which the body applies its natural bandage to cover the wound. The scabs break off and fall after protecting and healing the wound. If you pick at scabs, the healing time of the injury can be delayed


Puncture wounds are a wound type that results from a sharp object piercing the skin. The injury can get deep down below the surface and up to the tissue. According to MedlinePlus, the usual causes of the puncture wound are the knife tip, a sharp tooth, or a nail. MedlinePlus recommended that if the injury still has debris, the victim should get medical attention to remove it. They should not go probing inside the puncture wound in trying to take off the foreign object. Olin Health Center reported that puncture wounds typically don’t bleed readily like other wound types. Since bleeding is used to eject foreign objects from the body wound, puncture wounds are more prone to becoming infected.

types of wounds punctures


These wound types involve the skin or/and the tissue being torn off the body. A severe nature of the avulsion wound is the case of an amputation, whereby a part of the body, like the hand or the finger, is removed when someone injures. Victims should get instant medical help to help treat this wound type due to the severity of the torn flesh or skin or a limb that is amputated. Avulsions can become painful because of the torn muscle or/and skin. They often lead to profuse bleeding.

Extra: Bruises

You can learn more about them here

Why Surprise Bruises when Working out Should be a Concern

bruised foot

Feeling strained after a workout session is natural. It is a way your body is telling you that it is getting stretched in places that have not seen movement for some time. But once you see signs of bruising that might pop up, especially in the muscle areas like your biceps and calves, it is a sign that something is wrong. Here are some reasons why:

Your Body is Screaming

Exercise is necessary for the body to run smoothly, like a well-oiled machine that is well-maintained and regularly used. It gets your blood pumping to all the parts of your body and ensures that your body can take the strain of daily life and even increase longevity. But once you see bruising, it is your body telling you that you are pushing it too far. 

Over exercise leads to major strain on the body because you are pressuring it to take what it is not prepared for. This leads to burst blood vessels that surface on the skin as discolored patches. Ignoring them and continuing to over-exert your body can even lead to torn nerves and ripped muscles that will take a long time to heal.

Pace yourself and increase the level of exercise you take in during a workout gradually. This will help your body more resilient and prepared for heavy sessions without wear or tears to your body.

Vitamin Deficiency

fruit with vitamins

If you think that you are not overexerting yourself during your workouts and still have bruises showing up in places, then it can be a sign that your body is deficient on something – specifically Vitamin C. Lack of it can lead to lead to bleeding in places that do not normally bleed or leave soft tissue tender and vulnerable to easy damage. 

Make sure to consult a physician to make sure whether the bruising is due to vitamin deficiency and increase your intake of Vitamin C in the form of supplements or food rich in it such as lemons, oranges, etc. You can also increase your intake of Vitamin K as it helps blood to clot faster when in cases of blood getting out of the skin. Make sure that you take in a lot of green leafy vegetables in your diet as well as fish, mussels, white meat, eggs, and nuts.

Time for a Check-Up If you are someone who is used to working out daily but started bruising recently, it could be a sign that your body is sick. When your immune system is compromised, your body begins to show tell-tale signs that it cannot take the amount of strain that it usually does. Make sure that you go for a thorough check-up to make sure that nothing is too wrong and then get back on track.